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8 Other expenses

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EUR 000

2020/2021

2019/2020

Other employee expenses

24,464

27,530

Travelling and representation expenses

10,150

13,773

Housing expenses

5,889

7,076

Office and IT expenses

13,947

14,919

Other expenses

31,024

28,011

 

85,474

91,309

Other employee expenses decreased as a result of lower costs of hiring third parties, due to cost reduction measures following the Covid-19 outbreak (full year effect), and lower expat transfer costs. Travel and representation expenses also declined after the Covid-19 outbreak. Office and IT expenses decreased due to lower telephone expenses, both as a result of a decreased number of FTEs and a movement to working from home following the Covid-19 outbreak.

Other expenses included in other expenses mainly relate to contributions to KPMG International, insurance expenses, AFM fees and advertising and marketing expenses. Total litigation expenses (including related legal expenses and movements in provisions) included in other expenses amount to EUR 1.1 million (2019/2020: EUR 1.4 million).

An amount of EUR 5.6 million is recognised in the other expenses (employee expenses and IT expenses) related to research and development costs (2019/2020: EUR 11.0 million).