Other employee expenses
Travelling and representation expenses
Office and IT expenses
Other employee expenses decreased as a result of lower costs of hiring third parties, due to cost reduction measures following the Covid-19 outbreak (full year effect), and lower expat transfer costs. Travel and representation expenses also declined after the Covid-19 outbreak. Office and IT expenses decreased due to lower telephone expenses, both as a result of a decreased number of FTEs and a movement to working from home following the Covid-19 outbreak.
Other expenses included in other expenses mainly relate to contributions to KPMG International, insurance expenses, AFM fees and advertising and marketing expenses. Total litigation expenses (including related legal expenses and movements in provisions) included in other expenses amount to EUR 1.1 million (2019/2020: EUR 1.4 million).
An amount of EUR 5.6 million is recognised in the other expenses (employee expenses and IT expenses) related to research and development costs (2019/2020: EUR 11.0 million).